Tag Archives: COVID-19

TheESP – Ep. #226 – Credo, ergo sum


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A bit less COVID-19-heavy episode this week with the news that May 2020 saw the highest concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere ever recorded and it was also the hottest May ever.
6 years ago, creationism as science in schools was banned in the UK and hallelujah, the Vatican is launching their new channel ‘VatiVision’ and a documentary series ‘The Great Popes’.
In the news this week:
– Nicotine replacement therapy is the new craze among possible COVID-19 treatments lacking evidence of efficacy
– The bad science story of Hydroxychloroquine that shook the world
– Millions seem to believe the Treaty of Trianon expires after 100 years
– People fall for the story of dozens of give-away TVs by Curry’s
– The German Medical Student Association issues a declaration against homeopathy
– Let’s see behind the curtain regarding the ‘Swedish Model’ once again
– Massimo Polidoro launches his Patreon page – with a twist.
This week’s Really Right price goes to Dutch anaesthesiologist Gerald Woerlee for publishing a free book ‘Anesthesia and the Soul’ that helps us understand out-of-body-experiences (OBE).

Enjoy!

Segments:
Intro; Greetings; This Week in Skepticism; Pontus Pokes the Pope; COVID-19 Update; News; Really Right; Quote and Farewell; Outro; Out-takes

Events Calendar: https://theesp.eu/events_in_europe

0:00:27 INTRO

0:00:51 GREETINGS

Welcome to the start of a hot summer!

0:10:45 This Week in Skepticism

As of June 9, 2014 teaching creationism as science was banned in public schools in the UK

0:21:07 PONTUS POKES THE POPE

Francis is a bigot, plus “watch out Netflix – here comes VatiVision!”

0:30:10 NEWS

  1. EU/FRANCE: News about possible nicotine therapy lead to surge of tobacco products 
  2. INTERNATIONAL: Bad science on all sides of Hydroxychloroquine
  3. HUNGARY: Millions believe the Treaty of Trianon expires after 100 years
  4. UK: No, nobody is handing out free TVs
  5. GERMANY: Medical students issue declaration against homeopathy
  6. SWEDEN: The “Swedish model” may very well have problems – but the reporting of it is even worse
  7. ITALY: Massimo Polidoro starts his Patreon page – with a twist

1:05:55 REALLY RIGHT
Dutch anaesthesiologist Gerald Woerlee, author of the free book “Anesthesia and the Soul”

1:09:21 QUOTE AND FAREWELL

“I’m comfortable with the unknown — that’s the point of science. There are places out there, billions of places out there, that we know nothing about. And the fact that we know nothing about them excites me, and I want to go out and find out about them. And that’s what science is. So I think if you’re not comfortable with the unknown, then it’s difficult to be a scientist… I don’t need an answer. I don’t need answers to everything. I want to have answers to find.”
/Professor Brian Cox, British physicist, presenter, author and musician/

1:10:39 OUTRO

1:11:54 Out-takes

TheESP – Ep. #225 – Evidence of homeopathic proportions


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On this week’s episode we celebrate the new era of commercial space flight brought about by SpaceX, then a bit of skeptical history, talking about Gérard Sède and the Priory of Sion hoax.
After poking the Pope we bring you an update on the latest issues with COVID-19, including vaccine hesitancy on the rise, the fear from the second wave versus those who deny the existence of the pandemic, survaillence making people suspicious, how the development of a vaccine is doing and France banning the use of Hydroxychloroquine as a COVID-19 treatment.
In the news this week:
– A new craze lacking any evidence and called “Lightning Process”
– The truth revealed about the 5GBioShield USB key
– “What Doctors Don’t Tell You” off the shelves in the UK
– New study to show how confidence drives confirmation bias
– Austrian homeopaths trying to build distrust in GWUP
– A low quality study into the role of alternative medicine in the advance of vaccine hesitancy

Italian doctor Alberto Zangrillo gets this week’s Really Wrong price for claiming that the SARS-CoV-2 virus no longer exists

Enjoy!

Segments:
Intro; Greetings; This Week in Skepticism; Pontus Pokes the Pope; COVID-19 Update; News; Really Wrong; Quote and Farewell; Outro; Out-takes

Events Calendar: https://theesp.eu/events_in_europe

0:00:27 INTRO

0:00:51 GREETINGS

Commercial space flight is here: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-52867494

0:07:59 This Week in Skepticism

Gérard de Sède (born 5 June 1921) helped create Priory of Sion hoa

0:13:52 PONTUS POKES THE POPE

Francis the caveman: https://cruxnow.com/vatican/2020/05/pope-closes-marathon-weekend-saying-holy-spirit-doesnt-see-left-and-right/

0:17:27 COVID-19 Update

0:29:29 NEWS

  1. UK: The ‘Lightning Process’ – not very convincing
  2. UK: 5GBioShield USB key reloaded – and debunked
  3. UK: A magazine spreading misleading health claims withdrawn from shelves
  4. UK: New study shows how confidence drives confirmation bias
  5. AUSTRIA: Homeopaths attempt to built distrust in GWUP
  6. SPAIN: Vaccine hesitancy and the role of alternative medicine

0:55:21 REALLY WRONG
Alberto Zangrillo, Director of the Terapia intensiva del San Raffaele in Milan, for saying that SARS-CoV-2 no longer exists

1:01:12 QUOTE AND FAREWELL

“If a man is offered a fact which goes against his instincts, he will scrutinize it closely, and unless the evidence is overwhelming, he will refuse to believe it. If, on the other hand, he is offered something which affords a reason for acting in accordance with his instincts, he will accept it even on the slenderest evidence. The origin of myths is explained in this way.”
/Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, British polymath, philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate/

1:02:39 OUTRO

1:03:54 Out-takes

TheESP – Ep. #223 – Conversation therapy in the time of Plandemic


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On this week’s episode we start by the funny PA of Deutsche Bahn then turn towards the story of psychic Peter Hurkos who was born on this day.
The latest from the Catholic Church reveals conspiracy theories and Pope Benedict XVI. trying to influence current affairs.
We talk about how grounded aeroplanes mean less reliable weather forecasts, the Czech government trying to outrun COVID-19 by themselves under the leadership of a homeopath and how Stephen Lewandowsky’s team helps all of us identify and fight conspiracy theories.
In the news:
– Russia fails to provide measles vaccines during the COVID-19 crisis
– Sweden’s health minister admits failure to keep elderly citizens safe
– Hungarian government subsidises a TCM unit at Semmelweis University
– Multiple legal cases shaking European countries amid 5G concerns
– Good Magic Awards winners announced
– Germany bans conversion therapies for minors
– Homeopathy not found to be effective for psychiatric disorders
The Swedish company marketing the bogus product ‘Mendi’ gets this week’s Really Wrong prize.

Enjoy!

Segments:
Intro; Greetings; This Week in Skepticism; Pontus Pokes the Pope; COVID-19 Update; News; Really Right; Quote and Farewell; Outro; Out-takes

Events Calendar: https://theesp.eu/events_in_europe

0:00:27 INTRO

0:00:51 GREETINGS

0:05:48 This Week in Skepticism
Peter Hurkos (born Peter van der Hurk, 21 May 1911 in Dordrecht, Netherlands)

0:12:56 PONTUS POKES THE POPE
Conspiracy Theory Petition signed by Cardinal Sarah. Benedict’s new Biography, Cardinal Pell definitely DID know that he covered up abuse and the Holy See is a financial mega loss.

0:20:28 COVID-19 Update

0:32:11 NEWS

  1. RUSSIA: While the country jumps to 2nd place worldwide in COVID-19, measles cases are on the rise
  2. SWEDENE: Has the Swedish Covid19 Strategy Failed?
  3. HUNGARY: Government spends 17 million euros on setting up new TCM unit at Medical University
  4. EUROPE: Multiple legal cases against 5G in EU countries UK:
    1. UK
    2. Netherlands
    3. France
    4. Denmark
    5. Norway
    6. https://www.forbes.com/sites/alexknapp/2020/05/15/the-original-plandemic-unmasking-the-eerily-parallel-conspiracy-theories-behind-the-russian-flu-of-1889/#62518a4750d5
  5. UK: Good Magic Awards winners announced
  6. GERMANY: ‘Conversion therapy’ for minors now banned
  7. ITALY: Homeopathy not effective for psychiatric disorders

1:05:18 REALLY WRONG
Kickstarter for Bogus “brain trainer” Mendi

1:14:10 QUOTE AND FAREWELL

“The aim of argument, or of discussion, should not be victory, but progress.”
/Joseph Joubert, French moralist and essayist/

1:15:10 OUTRO

1:16:24 OUT-TAKES

TheESP – Ep. #219 – Wining about COVID-19 (cheers!)


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This week Deborah Hyde joins us to bring you news and interesting topics to cover with us. We start by mentioning how VoF (Sweden), the GWUP (Germany), ComCept (Portugal) and ARP-SAPC (Spain) make efforts to provide their readers with accurate and reliable information in the times of COVID-19.
Then Deborah gives us a brief overview of the history of quarantines, before we turn into discussing Cardinal Pell’s Right-Wing conspiracy coockoo and the Pope being useless.
A separate segment of COVID-19 update is followed by the news that include a UK holistic doctor recommending homeopathy against the novel coronavirus, a somewhat questionable study that claims to show the prevalence of TCM in different countries in the fight against the pandemic, how the Spanish Science Network Programme 2020 goes completely online, Danish researchers finding no benefit from treating asthma patients with homeopathy and reflexology alongside conventional treatments, how Facebook aims to warn users about coronavirus hoaxes, Swedish doctors and scientists selling stuff after preliminary results and naming it ‘Anoroc’, John Ioannidis comparing 100 best selling books on nutritional health with no surprising results, Natalie Grams going back to practiting medicine and doing less of educational work in the future, the Spanish prize offered for theatrical works criticising pseudotherapies and CICAP Live being launched on YouTube bringing Italian audiences a whole lot of science and critical thinking.
Nobel laureate Luc Montagnier gets this week’s Really Wrong prize for claiming that SARS-CoV-2 was manufactured from HIV and thus feeding conspiracy theories.

Enjoy!

Segments:
Intro; Greetings; A Brief History of Quarantines; Pontus Pokes the Pope; COVID-19 Update; News; Really Wrong; Quote and Farewell; Outro; Out-takes

Events Calendar: https://theesp.eu/events_in_europe

0:00:27 INTRO

0:00:52 GREETINGS

  • Pontus’ online talk in Swedish:

  • Downloadable German translation of ‘The Conspiracy Handbook‘ by Stephan Lewandowsky and John Cook
  • ComCept’s compilation of online material on Covid-19 for Portugese speakers
  • ComCept’s online talk wih Diana Barbosa and João Monteiro:

  • A compilation of accurate and reliable info on Covid-19 for Spanish readers

0:17:23 A Brief History of Quarantines – by Deborah Hyde

0:34:58 PONTUS POKES THE POPE
Pell Goes Right-Wing Conspiracy Coocoo

0:43:09 COVID-19 Update

0:56:19 NEWS

  1. UK: Holistic doctor recommends homeopathy against COVID-19
  2. INTERNATIONAL: Questionable study shows prevalence of TCM in different countries in the times of COVID-19
  3. SPAIN: Spanish Science Network Programme 2020 goes online
  4. DENMARK: Danish researchers prove (yet again) that homeopathy and reflexology are useless. This time for asthma
  5. HUNGARY: Chaos around response to Covid-19 and online petition for more comprehensive testing
  6. INTERNATIONAL: Facebook warns users about coronavirus hoaxes
  7. SWEDEN: Doctors and Scientists found to sell ‘Anoroc’ over the internet
  8. INTERNATIONAL: John Ioannidis publishes a comparative study of bestselling nutritional health books – with no surprising results
  9. GERMANY: Natalie Grams goes back to practicing medicine
  10. SPAIN: Prize offered for theatrical works dealing with pseudotherapies
  11. ITALY: CICAP launches ‘CICAP Live’, a series of live online events where TV meets Skeptics in the Pub

1:26:27 REALLY WRONG
The Nobel Disease strikes again: Luc Montagnier claims SARS-cov-2 is manufactured from HIV

1:33:06 QUOTE AND FAREWELL

“Experiment is the interpreter of nature. Experiments never deceive. It is our judgment which sometimes deceives itself because it expects results which experiment refuses. We must consult experiment, varying the circumstances, until we have deduced general rules, for experiment alone can furnish reliable rules.”
/Leonardo da Vinci, Italian sculptor, painter and polymath/

1:35:02 OUTRO

1:36:17 OUT-TAKES

TheESP – Ep. #218 – All Pell Breaks Loose

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This week we bring you news and topics from all over Europe again.
We start by talking about the unfortunate death (probably of Covid-19) of a board member of VoF.
After that we’re looking back at the history of LSD and how 19 April marks a special day in it, before we discuss how Cardinal Pell walks freely after the High Court of Australia overturns the previous verdict on his child abuse case.
In the news: Covid-19 update followed by details of some other stuff related to the pandemic, including: OfCom, the British media authority helping confused media consumers, a Policy Paper of the NHS release a few days after the publication of Sense About Science’s call for transparency over testing. Colloidal Silver seems to be a big sell in Finland these days, while Hungary’s response to the pandamic can only be described as chaotic, something that a petition might not be able to change. Religious liberty restrictions across Europe are also in focus as countries are trying to fight the disease, while British homeopaths “happily promote bogus treatments”. A new Chernobyl scare makes its rounds on social media over a wildfire in the area, but the best news is that Edzard Ernst’s new book ‘Don’t Believe What You Think’ is now available.
President Macron gets this week’s Really Wrong Prize for adding weight to an unproven ‘cure’ for the Novel-Coronavirus.
Also, please don’t forget that nominations for the John Maddox Prize are open until 11th May.

Enjoy!

Segments:
Intro; Greetings; This Week in Skepticism; Pontus Pokes the Pope; News; Really Wrong; Quote and Farewell; Outro; Out-takes

Events Calendar: https://theesp.eu/events_in_europe

0:00:27 INTRO

0:00:50 GREETINGS

  • Terrible news: Swedish Skeptics board member deceased, likely from covid-19
  • “Stay The Fuck At Home” song:

0:05:23 THIS WEEK IN SKEPTICISM
19 April 1943, Albert Hofmann chose to deliberately ingest 250 micrograms of the Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) he had synthesized at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland. Three days earlier he had accidentally absorbed some through his skin by touching a container of the drug. From the accidental exposure he experienced restlessness, dizziness and “extreme activity of imagination.” Although he had first made it five years before, as a drug intended to relieve respiratory ailments, it was only on this day that he found the drug was a hallucinogen. The striking experience was one he chose to repeat.

0:14:15 PONTUS POKES THE POPE
What the Pell happened?

Tim Minchin’s song ‘Come Home Cardinal Pell’:

0:24:21 NEWS

  1. INTERNATIONAL: COVID-19 update
  2. UK: OfCom gives a helping hand to media consumers
  3. UK: Update on Sense About Science’s call for transparency – Policy Paper issued by ministry
  4. FINLAND: Colloidal Silver sells out via closed Facebook groups
  5. HUNGARY: Chaos around response to Covid-19 and online petition for more comprehensive testing
  6. INTERNATIONAL/EU: Religious liberty restrictions across Europe
  7. UK: Dangerous nonsense spread by homeopaths in the UK
  8. HUNGARY/EU: Chernobyl wildfire stirs up radiation… and social media
  9. INTERNATIONAL: Edzard Ernst’s new book ‘Don’t Believe What You Think’ is now available

1:14:45 REALLY WRONG
The presidential curse(?): Macron adds to the hydroxychloroquine hype

1:19:46 QUOTE AND FAREWELL

“The fact is, that the public have an insatiable curiosity to know everything, except what is worth knowing. Journalism, conscious of this, and having tradesmanlike habits, supplies their demands.”
/Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde, Irish poet and playwright/

1:21:06 OUTRO

1:22:21 OUT-TAKES

TheESP – Ep #217 – Online skepticism vs politics and miracles

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ECSO President Claire Kraulik-Klingenberg joins us for this week’s episode to bring you news and topics from all over the continent.
Skeptics in the Pub Online is now a thing, popping up everywhere, while power grabbing by authoritarian governments seems to be the new, concerning trend.
We talk about whether Alfred Nobel read his own premature obituary, prompting him to start the awards named after him.
Then poor Pope Francis’ struggles are discussed while more Covid-19 magic is coming from Turin.
In the news, religious bullshit spread by the government in Israel, President Lukashenko of Belarus claiming a vodka a day keeps the virus away, Prince Charles not using homeopathy as a cure against COVID-19, Sense About Science calling upon the government for more transparency in their actions against the pandemic, extra caution needed in times of increased online activities, plus the Portugese skeptics’ Flying Unicorn Award categories explained. Also, conspiracy theories linking 5G to COVID-19 on the rise, while the German skeptics launch a page explaining COVID-related myths.
The alt-right website Samhällsnytt gets this week’s Really Wrong prize for claiming the Swedish health authorities are implementing “death forms”.

Enjoy!

Segments:
Intro; Greetings; This Week in Skepticism; Pontus Pokes the Pope; News; Really Wrong; Quote and Farewell; Outro; Out-takes

Events Calendar: https://theesp.eu/events_in_europe

0:00:27 INTRO

0:00:51 GREETINGS

0:14:02 THIS WEEK IN SKEPTICISM
On 12 April 1888, a French newspaper allegedly published an obituary for Albert Nobel, inventor of dynamite, calling him “”a merchant of death.”, prompting Mr Nobel to launch his esteemed award.

0:21:20 PONTUS POKES THE POPE
The War on Pope Francis, plus more Covid-19 Magic 

0:27:40 NEWS

  1. INTERNATIONAL: COVID-19 update
  2. ISRAEL: Religious bullshit spread by the government 
  3. BELARUS: President Lukashenko Claims Ice Hockey and Vodka Keeps covid-19 Away
  4. UK: Prince Charles’ office refutes AYUSH minister Naik’s Ayurveda curing Covid-19 claims
  5. UK: Sense About Science calls upon the government for transparency and an evidence-based approach
  6. INTERNATIONAL: The rise of opportunistic actions online
  7. PORTUGAL: The Flying Unicorn Award
  8. UK: Conspiracy Theories Linking 5G with Covid-19
  9. GERMANY: The GWUP website now features a list of COVID-19 myths

1:05:52 REALLY WRONG
Alt-right web site claims Swedish health authorities are implementing “death forms”

1:15:05 QUOTE AND FAREWELL

“I have always strenuously supported the right of every man to his own opinion, however different that opinion might be to mine. He who denies to another this right, makes a slave of himself to his present opinion, because he precludes himself the right of changing it.”
/Thomas Paine, English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist, and revolutionary./

1:17:58 OUTRO

1:19:13 OUT-TAKES

TheESP – Ep. #216 – Look WHO’s talking

 

 

 

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This week an old friend of ours Brian Eggo from Glasgow Skeptics joins us to bring you a show packed with news, thoughts and curiousities.
We talk about how Skeptics in the Pub events are going online, that one time Rupert Sheldrake got stabbed and how Pope Francis has nothing to offer to help with the pandemic.
After the usual COVID-19 update we talk about how Sweden takes a different approach to the disease than most, why the Royal Astrologer should not be trusted, and how a German consumer reported homeopaths for offering sugar pills to avoid infection.
We also talk about Massimo Polidoro’s new video series, “OK Scienza”, Britt Marie Hermes’ law suit and the Skeptics Legal Defence initiative by the Australian Skeptics Inc. We mention how French skeptics at AFiS respond to a fake treatment Trump and Bolsonaro both promote, Fullfact brings you a list of guidelines to fact-checking and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences translates the mythbusting site of WHO.
Unfortunately, the WHO also gets the prize for being Really Wrong for removing the advice not to use Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) against Covid-19.

Enjoy!

Segments:
Intro; Greetings; This Week in Skepticism; Pontus Pokes the Pope; News; Really Wrong; Quote and Farewell; Outro; Out-takes

Events Calendar: https://theesp.eu/events_in_europe

0:00:27 INTRO

0:00:50 GREETINGS

Skeptics Legal Defense Fund

0:10:13 THIS WEEK IN SKEPTICISM
Prof. Richard Dawkins was born on 26th March 1941.

0:21:21 PONTUS POKES THE POPE
Don’t Worry. If you die from COVID19, you are forgiven…

0:27:06 NEWS

  1. INTERNATIONAL: COVID-19 update
  2. UK: PSA imposes strict conditions on Society of Homeopaths after judicial review requested by the Good Thinking Society:
  3. INTERNATIONAL: Homeopathy for everyone – against COVID-19?
  4. UK: The Good Magic Awards
  5. UK/SPAIN: Science-me a story
  6. INTERNATIONAL: The global fight against disinformation
  7. INTERNATIONAL: Snopes and the need for fact-checking in the times of crisis
  8. HUNGARY: Online course for students aged 13-15 to learn how to be a critical news reader
  9. GERMANY: GWUP pledging to follow science regarding COVID-19 news reporting
  10. SWEDEN: Corona means big business for the quacks
  11. INTERNATIONAL: Connection between blood type and COVID-19?
  12. SPAIN: Reading for quarantine – Escepticos is the largest collection of skepticism-related material in Spanish

1:18:47 REALLY WRONG
WHO Removes Advice to Not Use TCM Against covid-19

1:25:52 QUOTE AND FAREWELL

“Let us keep our minds open, by all means, as long as that means keeping our sense of perspective and seeking an understanding of the forces which mould the world. But don’t keep your minds so open that your brains fall out! There are still things in this world which are true and things which are false; acts which are right and acts which are wrong, even if there are statesmen who hide their designs under the cloak of high-sounding phrases.” /Walter Kotschnig, Austrian born educator and diplomat/

1:27:27 OUTRO

1:28:42 OUT-TAKES

TheESP – Ep. #215 – Snippets for the time of quarantine

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We are bringing you a selection of topics this week, some Corona-related and some aren’t:
In the meantime, QED organisers ask you to hold your travel arrengements at this time…
The Vatican issues a decree that makes confessions obsolete, the Good Thinking Society convinces the PSA to impose strict conditions on the Society of Homeopaths, they also team up with Richard Wiseman to support magicians with the Good Magic Awards. A new project aiming at spreading the word of science in the Spanish speaking communities, how the global fight against disinformation is doing, Snopes and their need for help in keeping up their fact-checking work, a Hungarian foundation running an online course to teach children critical thinking skills in the times of COVID-19, GWUP pledging to stay on track with science in their reportings, quacks in the time of Corona, a possible connection between blood type and COVID-19 infections, and Spanish skeptics providing you with enough to read while you’re in quarantine.
The VtdK and the Royal Dutch Medical Association countering a bogus therapy.

Enjoy!

Segments:
Intro; Greetings; This Week in Skepticism; Pontus Pokes the Pope; News; Really Wrong; Quote and Farewell; Outro; Out-takes

Events Calendar: https://theesp.eu/events_in_europe

0:00:27 INTRO

0:00:48 GREETINGS

QED organisers warn not to book your flights and accomodation just yet.

0:06:50 THIS WEEK IN SKEPTICISM
Prof. Richard Dawkins was born on 26th March 1941.

0:11:08 PONTUS POKES THE POPE
Don’t Worry. If you die from COVID19, you are forgiven…

0:18:05 NEWS

  1. INTERNATIONAL: COVID-19 update
  2. UK: PSA imposes strict conditions on Society of Homeopaths after judicial review requested by the Good Thinking Society:
  3. INTERNATIONAL: Homeopathy for everyone – against COVID-19?
  4. UK: The Good Magic Awards
  5. UK/SPAIN: Science-me a story
  6. INTERNATIONAL: The global fight against disinformation
  7. INTERNATIONAL: Snopes and the need for fact-checking in the times of crisis
  8. HUNGARY: Online course for students aged 13-15 to learn how to be a critical news reader
  9. GERMANY: GWUP pledging to follow science regarding COVID-19 news reporting
  10. SWEDEN: Corona means big business for the quacks
  11. INTERNATIONAL: Connection between blood type and COVID-19?
  12. SPAIN: Reading for quarantine – Escepticos is the largest collection of skepticism-related material in Spanish

0:57:38 REALLY WRONG/RIGHT
After Action From VtdK, the Royal Dutch Medical Association Again(!) Stops Accreditation of BS Therapy “PRI”

1:02:20 QUOTE AND FAREWELL

““[Science] works! Planes fly. Cars drive. Computers compute. If you base medicine on science, you cure people. If you base the design of planes on science, they fly. If you base the design of rockets on science, they reach the moon. It works.”

/Prof. Richard Dawkins, British biologist, author/

1:04:51 OUTRO

1:06:06 OUT-TAKES